pass


pass
pass1 W1S1 [pa:s US pæs] v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(go past)¦
2¦(move/go)¦
3¦(put)¦
4¦(road/river etc)¦
5¦(give)¦
6¦(give information)¦
7¦(time)¦
8¦(exam/test)¦
9¦(law/proposal)¦
10¦(happen)¦
11¦(say)¦
12 let something pass
13¦(end)¦
14¦(sport)¦
15¦(more than)¦
16 pass unnoticed
17 pass the time of day (with somebody)
18¦(change control)¦
19¦(change)¦
20 pass (a) sentence (on somebody)
21 pass judgment (on somebody)
22¦(give no answer)¦
23¦(not accept)¦
24 not pass somebody's lips
25¦(waste matter)¦
26 come to pass
Phrasal verbs
 pass as somebody/something
 pass something<=>around
 pass away
 pass by
 pass something<=>down
 pass for somebody/something
 pass off
 pass on
 pass out
 pass over
 pass something<=>up
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[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: passer, from Vulgar Latin passare, from Latin passus 'step']
1.) ¦(GO PAST)¦ [I and T]
to come up to a particular place, person, or object and go past them
The crowd parted to let the truck pass.
He gave me a smile as he passed.
We passed a group of students outside the theatre.
I pass the sports centre on the way to work.
2.) ¦(MOVE/GO)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to go or travel along or through a place
He passed along the corridor to a small room at the back of the building.
We passed through the gates into a courtyard behind.
We were just passing through (=travelling through a place) and thought we'd drop in to see you.
3.) ¦(PUT)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to put something around, through, or across something else
He passed the rope carefully around the post.
4.) ¦(ROAD/RIVER ETC)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition, T]
a road, river, or railway line that passes a place goes through or near the place
The road passes right through the town centre.
The main railway line passes just north of Manchester.
5.) ¦(GIVE)¦ [T]
to hold something in your hand and give it to someone else
Pass the salt, please.
pass sb sth
Can you pass me that bag by your feet?
pass sth to sb
She passed a cup of tea to the headmaster.
I passed the note back to her.
pass around
6.) ¦(GIVE INFORMATION)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to give information or a job to another person so that they can deal with it
pass sth (on/over/back) to sb
I'll pass the information on to our sales department.
They've passed the enquiry over to the police.
7.) ¦(TIME)¦
a)
if time passes, it goes by
The days passed slowly.
She became more ambitious as the years passed.
They sat in silence while the minutes passed.
Hardly a day passes without more bad news about the economy (=there is bad news almost every day) .
b) [T]
if you pass time or pass your life in a particular way, you spend it in that way
We passed the winter pleasantly enough.
We played cards to pass the time (=to help us stop feeling bored) .
8.) ¦(EXAM/TEST)¦
a) [I and T]
to succeed in an examination or test
≠ ↑fail
Did you pass all your exams?
He hasn't passed his driving test yet.
She passed with flying colours (=got very high marks) .
b) [T]
to officially decide that someone has succeeded in an examination or test
≠ ↑fail
The examiners will only pass you if they feel that you have done the work properly.
9.) ¦(LAW/PROPOSAL)¦
a) [T]
to officially accept a law or proposal, especially by voting
Plans to extend the hotel have now been passed.
The motion was passed by 16 votes to 11.
pass a law/bill/act
The first Transport Act was passed in 1907.
The government has passed new legislation to protect consumers.
The United Nations Security Council has passed a resolution asking the two countries to resume peace negotiations.
b) [I and T] [i]especially AmE if a law or proposal passes an official group, it is officially accepted by that group
The bill failed to pass the House of Representatives.
10.)¦(HAPPEN)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
written if something passes between people, they speak to each other or do something together
pass between
A glance of recognition passed between them.
Please say nothing of what has passed here today.
11.) ¦(SAY)¦
pass a remark/comment
to say something that gives your opinion
I'm afraid I can't pass any comment on this matter.
He passed some remark about doctors being paid too much.
12.) let sth pass
to deliberately not say anything when someone says or does something that you do not like
Carla made some comment about my work but I decided to let it pass .
13.) ¦(END)¦
to end or stop
After a couple of hours the storm passed.
The feeling of sickness soon passed.
14.) ¦(SPORT)¦ [I and T]
to kick, throw, or hit a ball to a member of your own team during a game
pass to
He passed to Beckham on the edge of the penalty area.
pass sth to sb
Are you allowed to pass the ball back to the goalkeeper?
15.) ¦(MORE THAN)¦ [T]
to become more than a particular number or amount
The number of unemployed has passed the two million mark for the first time.
16.) pass unnoticed
to happen without anyone noticing or saying anything
His resignation passed largely unnoticed.
17.) pass the time of day (with sb)
to talk to someone for a short time in order to be friendly
18.) ¦(CHANGE CONTROL)¦ [I always + preposition] [i]formal
to change from being controlled or owned by one person to being controlled or owned by someone else
pass to
The land will pass to my son when I die.
Control of these services has now passed into the hands of the local authorities.
19.) ¦(CHANGE)¦ [I always + preposition] formal
to change from one state or condition into another
pass from/to
The chemical passes from a liquid to a solid state during the cooling process.
20.) pass (a) sentence (on sb)
to officially decide how a criminal will be punished, and to announce what the punishment will be
Judges no longer have the power to pass the death sentence.
21.) pass judgment (on sb)
to give your opinion about someone's behaviour
I don't want to pass judgment on my colleagues.
22.) ¦(GIVE NO ANSWER)¦
to give no answer to a question because you do not know the answer
'Who won the World Cup in 1998?' 'Pass.'
23.) ¦(NOT ACCEPT)¦ [I]
to not accept an invitation or offer
pass on
I'm afraid I'll have to pass on that offer of coffee.
24.) not pass sb's lips
[i]humorous
a) used to say that someone does not talk about something that is secret
Don't worry. Not a word of this will pass my lips.
b) used to say that someone does not eat or drink a particular thing
Not a drop of liquor has passed my lips.
25.) ¦(WASTE MATTER)¦ [T]
medical to let out a waste substance from your ↑bladder or ↑bowel s
See your doctor immediately if you pass any blood.
He was having difficulty passing water (=letting outurine) .
26.) come to pass
literary or biblical to happen
pass muster atmuster2 (1)
pass the buck atbuck1 (3)
pass as / [pass as sb/sth] phr v
if someone or something can pass as someone or something, they are similar enough to be accepted as that type of person or thing
His French is so good that he can pass as a Frenchman.
pass around [pass sth<=>around] phr v
to offer or show something to each person in a group
Pass the cookies around, would you?
pass the hat round/around athat
pass away phr v
to die - use this when you want to avoid saying the word 'die'
pass by phr v
1.) pass by (sb/sth)
to go past a person, place, vehicle etc
They all waved as they passed by.
Will you be passing by the supermarket on your way home?
→↑passerby
2.) pass sb by
if something passes you by, it happens but you are not involved in it
She felt that life was passing her by.
pass down [pass sth<=>down] phr v
to give or teach something to people who are younger than you or live after you
pass sth down (from sb) to sb
The tradition has been passed down from father to son for generations.
pass for / [pass for sb/sth] phr v
if something passes for another thing, it is so similar to that thing that people think that is what it is
With my hair cut short, I could have passed for a boy.
pass off phr v
1.) pass off well/badly etc
if an event passes off well, badly etc, it happens in that way
The visit passed off without any serious incidents.
2.) pass sb/sth off as sth
to make people think that someone or something is another thing
They bought up pieces of old furniture and passed them off as valuable antiques.
He passed himself off as a doctor.
pass on phr v
1.) pass sth<=>on
to give someone a piece of information that someone else has given to you
pass something<=>on to
She said she'd pass the message on to the other students.
2.) pass sth<=>on
a) to give something, especially a disease, to your children through your ↑gene s
b) to give a slight illness to someone else
pass something<=>on to
One catches the virus and they pass it on to the rest.
3.) pass sth<=>on
to make someone else pay the cost of something
pass something<=>on to
Any increase in our costs will have to be passed on to the consumer.
4.) to die - use this when you want to avoid saying the word 'die'
pass out phr v
1.) to become unconscious
I nearly passed out when I saw all the blood.
2.) especially BrE to finish a course of study at a military school or police college
3.) pass sth<=>out
to give something, such as books or papers, to everyone in a group
= ↑hand out,↑distribute
pass over phr v
1.) pass sb<=>over [usually in passive]
if you pass someone over for a job, you choose someone else who is younger or lower in the organization than them
This is the second time I've been passed over for promotion (=someone else has been given a higher job instead of me) .
2.) pass over sth
if you pass over a remark or subject, you do not spend any time discussing it
I want to pass over this quite quickly.
I think we'd better pass over that last remark.
pass up [pass sth<=>up] phr v
to not make use of a chance to do something
pass up a chance/opportunity/offer
I don't think you should pass up the opportunity to go to university.
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HINT sense 7
It is more usual to say that you spend time doing something than you 'pass time' doing something: I spent (NOT passed) the whole day watching TV.
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pass 2
pass2 W3S2 n
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1¦(document)¦
2¦(exam/test)¦
3¦(sport)¦
4 make a pass at somebody
5¦(road/path)¦
6¦(stage)¦
7¦(aircraft)¦
8 come to a pretty/sorry pass
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[Sense: 1-4, 6-8; Date: 1400-1500; Origin: PASS1]
[Sense: 5; Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: pas, from Latin passus; PASS1]
1.) ¦(DOCUMENT)¦
an official piece of paper which shows that you are allowed to enter a building or travel on something without paying
The guard checked our passes.
They issued us with free passes to the theatre.
You can buy a cheap one-day bus pass .
2.) ¦(EXAM/TEST)¦
a successful result in an examination
≠ ↑fail
You will need at least three passes to get onto the course.
pass in
Did you get a pass in English?
The pass mark (=the mark you need to be successful) is 55%.
3.) ¦(SPORT)¦
when you kick, throw, or hit a ball to another member of your team during a game
That was a brilliant pass by Holden.
4.) make a pass at sb informal
to try to kiss or touch another person with the intention of starting a sexual relationship with them
5.) ¦(ROAD/PATH)¦
a high road or path that goes between mountains to the other side
a narrow, winding mountain pass
6.) ¦(STAGE)¦
one part of a process that involves dealing with the whole of a group or thing several times
On the first pass we eliminated all the candidates who didn't have the right experience.
7.) ¦(AIRCRAFT)¦
a movement in which an aircraft flies once over a place which it is attacking
8.) come to a pretty/sorry pass
old-fashioned informal if things have come to a pretty or sorry pass, a situation has become very bad

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pass — Pass, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Passed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Passing}.] [F. passer, LL. passare, fr. L. passus step, or from pandere, passum, to spread out, lay open. See {Pace}.] 1. To go; to move; to proceed; to be moved or transferred from one point… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PASS — vi 1 a: to issue a decision, verdict, or opinion the Supreme Court pass ed on a statute b: to be legally issued judgment pass ed by default 2: to go from the control, ownership, or possession of one person or group to that of …   Law dictionary

  • pass — Ⅰ. pass [1] ► VERB 1) move or go onward, past, through, or across. 2) change from one state or condition to another. 3) transfer (something) to someone. 4) kick, hit, or throw (the ball) to a teammate. 5) (of time) go by. 6) …   English terms dictionary

  • Pass — Pass, v. t. 1. In simple, transitive senses; as: (a) To go by, beyond, over, through, or the like; to proceed from one side to the other of; as, to pass a house, a stream, a boundary, etc. (b) Hence: To go from one limit to the other of; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pass — [n1] opening through solid canyon, cut, gap, gorge, passage, passageway, path, ravine; concepts 509,513 Ant. closing, closure pass [n2] authorization, permission admission, chit*, comp, free ride*, furlough, identification, license, order, paper …   New thesaurus

  • pass — pass1 [pas, päs] n. [ME pas: see PACE1] a narrow passage or opening, esp. between mountains; gap; defile pass2 [pas, päs] vi. [ME passen < OFr passer < VL * passare < L passus, a step: see PACE1] 1. to go o …   English World dictionary

  • Pass — Pass, n. [Cf. F. pas (for sense 1), and passe, fr. passer to pass. See {Pass}, v. i.] 1. An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier; a passageway; a defile; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pass — (von französisch passer „überschreiten“) bezeichnet: Reisepass, einen amtlichen Identitätsausweis zur Legitimation bei Auslandsreisen Pass (Sport), das gezielte Übergeben des Sportgerätes im Sport eine Schaltung, um bestimmte Signalanteile… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PASS ID — is a proposed U.S. law intended to replace REAL ID. Like REAL ID, it implements federal standards for state identification documents. Currently, states are not obligated to follow the standards, but if PASS ID takes full effect, federal agencies… …   Wikipedia

  • pass as — ● pass * * * pass as [phrasal verb] 1 pass as (someone or something) : to cause people to believe that you are (someone or something that you are not) He thought that growing a mustache would help him pass as an adult. Your mom could pass as your …   Useful english dictionary

  • PASS — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français